Within the concept of improving the regulatory and legal framework of Ukraine on nuclear and radiation safety, the paper justifies the need for separation of proven and generally accepted safety principles formulated in the legal and regulatory documents as obligatory (“regulatory”) requirements and “technical” requirements established in the standards of the operating organizations and/or codes of standard practices, which explain in details regulatory requirements from the documents of higher level.
The paper considers the results based on the development of first in Ukraine standards, regulations and rules on functional safety of instrumentation and control systems and their components, where the separation of regulatory and technical requirements is implemented.
2. IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GS-G-1.4. Documentation for Use in Regulating Nuclear Facilities. Safety Guide. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2004, 40 p.
3. IAEA Specific Safety Requirement No. SSR‑2/1. Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Design. Specific Safety Requirements. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2012, available at: http://www.libed.ru/knigi-nauka/407311-1-normi-magate-bezopasnosti-dlyazaschiti-lyudey-ohrani-okruzhayuschey-sredi-bezopasnost-atomnihelektrostanciy-proe.php.
4. IAEA Specific Safety Requirement No. SSR‑2/2. Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Commissioning and Operation. Safety Requirement. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2011, 41 p.
5. “On Approval of the Procedure for Development and Approval of Regulations, Rules and Standards on Nuclear and Radiation Safety, Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 163 dated 08 February 1997” [Pro zatverdzhannia Poriadku rozroblennia ta zatverdzhannia norm, pravyl i standartiv z yadernoi ta radiatsiinoi bezpeky], available at: http://search.ligazakon.ua/l_doc2.nsf/link1/KP970163.html. (Ukr)
6. “On Approval of the Provision on State Registration of Regulatory Documents of the Ministries and Other Executive Authorities: Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 731 dated 28 December 1992” [Pro zatverdzhannia Polozhennia pro derzhavnu reiestratsiiu normatyvno-pravovykh aktiv ministerstv ta inshykh organiv vykonavchoi vlady: Postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 28.12.1992 No. 731], available at: http://search.ligazakon.ua/l_doc2.nsf/link1/KMP92731.html. (Ukr)
7. NP 306.5.02/3.035-2000. Requirements for Nuclear and Radiation Safety of Instrumentation and Control Systems Important to Safety of Nuclear Power Plants [Trebovaniia po yadernoi i radiatsionnoi bezopasnosti k informatsionnym i upravliaiushchim sistemam vazhnym dlia bezopasnosti atomnykh stantsii], Kyiv, State Nuclear Regulatory Administration of Ukraine, 2000, 86 p. (Rus)
8. Rozen, Yu.V., Yastrebenetsky, M.A. (2014), “New Regulatory Documents with Requirements for Instrumentation and Control Systems Important to NPP Safety” [Novyie normativnyie dokumenty, reglamentiruiushchiie trebovaniia k informatsionnym i upravliaiushchim sistemam, vazhnym dlia bezopasnosti AES], Nuclear and Radiation Safety, No. 2 (62), pp. 50-64. (Rus)
9. IAEA ‑SSG‑39. Design of Instrumentation and Control Systems for Nuclear Installations. Specific Safety Guide. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2016, 161 p.
10. Yastrebenetsky, M.A., Rozen, Yu.V., Gromov, G.V., Inyushev, V.V., Nosovsky, A.V., Gashev, M.Kh., Stoliarchuk, B.V., (2011) “Requirements for Instrumentation and Control Systems of Ukrainian NPPs Following Analysis of the Fukushima-1 Accident” [Trebovaniia k informatsionnym i upravliaiushchim sistemam AES Ukrainy po rezultatam analiza avarii na AES Fukusima-1], Nuclear and Radiation Safety, No. 4, pp. 3-10. (Rus)
11. NP 306.2.202:2015. Requirements for Nuclear and Radiation Safety of Instrumentation and Control Systems Important to Safety of Nuclear Power Plants [Vymohy z yadernoi ta radiatsiinoi bezpeky do informatsiinykh ta keruiuchykh system, vazhlyvykh dlia bezpeky atomnykh stantsii], Official Bulletin of Ukraine, 2015, No. 56, pp. 99-151. (Ukr)
12. SOU NAEK 100:2016. Engineering, Scientific and Technical Support. Instrumentation and Control Systems Important to NPP Safety. General Technical Requirements. [Inzhenerna, naukova i tekhnichna pidtrymka. Informatsiini ta keruiuchi systemy, vazhlyvi dlia bezpeky atomnykh stantsii. Zahalni tekhnichni vymohy], Kyiv, State Enterprise “National Nuclear energy Generating Company Energoatom”, 2016, 153 p. (Ukr)
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