Radioecological Analysis of the Contamination Area in the Volyn Region of Ukraine

Keywords

radionuclides, radiation safety, heavy metals, maximum permissible concentration, radioactive contamination

How to Cite

Ilyin, L., Hromyk, O., Ilyina, O., & Zinchuk, M. (2020). Radioecological Analysis of the Contamination Area in the Volyn Region of Ukraine. Nuclear and Radiation Safety, (1(85), 72-79. https://doi.org/10.32918/nrs.2020.1(85).08

Abstract

Lack of scientific knowledge on the patterns of formation of soil and plant complexes, including the concentration of contaminants in them (especially radionuclides and heavy metals) leads to serious errors in the selection of objects and sites of management, negative environmental consequences. The peculiarities of the propagation of Сs-137, Sr-90 radionuclides and heavy metals in soil and plants within the area of radioactive contamination of the Volyn region are analyzed.  The maximum concentration of Сs-137, Sr-90 content was determined.  Exceeding of the permissible levels of heavy metals content in crop production is revealed.

Generalization of the actual material on the content of radionuclides and heavy metals of different types of soils, agricultural plants in different natural conditions is a necessary condition for clarifying the patterns of formation, their influence on the geo-ecological state;  this makes it possible to raise the state of their study to a new theoretical level, to carry out radiation monitoring and to provide radiation protection the for local population.  Taking into account the similarity of physical and geographical conditions and existing soil and plant complexes, the typicality for the territory of Ukrainian Polissya, the complexity of analytical data can be considered to be representative for the area of coniferous-deciduous forests of the Eastern European plain.  These data are necessary for estimating the present state and forecasting the future states of pollution, for extrapolating them in space and time.

https://doi.org/10.32918/nrs.2020.1(85).08