Participation of Ukrainian NPPs in Regulating Frequency and Power in the United Energy System: Problem Analysis and Solutions

Keywords

normalized primary frequency regulation, turbine control system, reactor, load following mode

How to Cite

Goldrin, V., Chervonenko, I., Zbinskiy, V., Brodich, R., & Slonevskiy, O. (2020). Participation of Ukrainian NPPs in Regulating Frequency and Power in the United Energy System: Problem Analysis and Solutions. Nuclear and Radiation Safety, (1(85), 49-55. https://doi.org/10.32918/nrs.2020.1(85).05

Abstract

The issue related to the participation of Ukrainian nuclear power plants in regulating frequency and power in the united energy system of Ukraine is considered in the paper. The dependence of frequency changes in the grid on the imbalance between generation and consumption of active power is presented. This can violate conditions of parallel operation of generators. Three levels of the frequency control system in the power system using backup capacities are examined. The issues of participation of nuclear power units in regulating frequency and power are studied. It is shown that the main factors limiting such participation are the characteristics of fuel assemblies. These characteristics govern the change in reactor power in a narrow range. An obstacle is also the mismatch of the characteristics of the equipment of power units for participation in regulating power system frequency. The complexity of regulating the electric power of a WWER nuclear power unit is under consideration, which is implemented by coordinated regulation of the reactor power and generator power. The regulatory requirements for the characteristics of the primary frequency regulation by nuclear power units is carried out. The possibility of their participation in the normalized primary frequency regulation are analyzed. The paper considers the concept of the National Nuclear Energy Generating Company “Energoatom” for the modernization of systems and equipment of WWER-1000 power units, which provides bringing the characteristics of power units in line with standards. The methodology for preliminary testing of the readiness of Zaporizhzhya NPP Unit 1 (“pilot” power unit) to participate in such regulation is described. The methodology involves testing at two power levels at the beginning and in the end of the fuel campaign. A signal is used to simulate a frequency deviation that is input via a separate train of the control system. The tasks, conditions and criteria for the success of the tests are described. Based on the test results, conclusions will be drawn about the possibility of the safe participation of WWER-1000 power units in the normalized frequency regulation in the united energy system of Ukraine and the necessary measures to modernize the equipment.

https://doi.org/10.32918/nrs.2020.1(85).05

References

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