Determination of VVER-1000 Thermal Power Based on Background Signals of Self-Powered Neutron Detectors

Keywords

reactor thermal power, thermotechnical parameters, neutron flux parameters, self-powered neutron detector, background (compensation) cable, weight coefficients

How to Cite

Borysenko, V., Budyk, D., & Goranchuk, V. (2019). Determination of VVER-1000 Thermal Power Based on Background Signals of Self-Powered Neutron Detectors. Nuclear and Radiation Safety, (4(84), 25-33. https://doi.org/10.32918/nrs.2019.4(84).04

Abstract

The value of the reactor thermal power (RTP) is used in the VVER-1000 control systems in most algorithms for generation of control, blocking and protection signals. Besides, the technical and economic indicators of the power unit are determined by this parameter. Plans to increase VVER‑1000 RTP to 101.5%, and later to 104-107% of the nominal require additional justification of the accuracy of the RTP determination. Therefore, the task of increasing the accuracy of RTP determination is important. The paper describes the ways to improve the accuracy of weighted mean thermal power (WMTP) determination by selecting the optimal weight coefficient (that subsequently is used for WMTP determination) of each of the methods of RTP determination, namely: by thermotechnical parameters of the primary and secondary sides by neutron flux in the in-core monitoring system (ICMS) and in the neutron flux control equipment (NFCE). Another possibility of increasing the accuracy of WMTP determination, namely by increasing the number of methods of RTP determination, is also considered in the paper. The analysis of changes in the background signals of self-powered neutron detectors (SPNDs) during the VVER-1000 fuel campaigns shows the fundamental possibility of using the total background signal as a separate and independent method for RTP determination. The paper presents the results of the calculation of RTP determination error taking into account the coefficients of the components of the total RTP determination error: systematic, dynamic and random errors, which must be determined during the commissioning phase. The results of reduction of the error of WMTP determination in case of application of the additional method of RTP determination based on background signals of the SPNDs are presented. Theoretically, possible minimum values of the WMTP determination error are given depending on the values of the error of the RTP determination by separate methods.

https://doi.org/10.32918/nrs.2019.4(84).04

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