An approach is described for assessment of the end state radiological criteria for remediation of radioactively contaminated sites. The target criteria are set in a form of prospective effective doses for members of the population who are subject to the higher exposures (representative persons). Brief review of international best practice in setting risk based remedial criteria is presented. The site-specific release criteria for activity concentrations in released material (e.g., Bq/g of soil) are derived using tabulated values of radionuclide activity from IAEA Safety Guide RS-G-1.7 (corresponding to the effective dose of 10 μSv/a). These tabulated values are scaled with the relevant target dose criteria for remediation of the specific site. Applicability and limitations (e.g., with regard to volume of released material) of proposed approach are discussed. The procedure for incorporating complimentary site-specific scenarios is described. The article further illustrates the approach by application of the methodology to the specific radioactively contaminated site (i.e., radioactive waste storage site with clean-up wastes of Chernobyl origin situated in Kiev Region). The proposed approach is generally applicable to a wide range of similar problems.
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