- A manuscript submitted for publication in the journal should be in a hard copy including signatures of all the authors on the last page and in an electronic copy (on electronic media or by e-mail).
- A paper should contain UDC number. The following should be presented in Ukrainian and English: author’s full name; ORCID; full name of the author’s organization and its mailing address; title of the paper; abstract (up to 1000 characters). For not English papers, the scope of abstract in English makes not less than 1800 characters, including the keywords and for not Ukrainian papers, the scope of abstract in Ukrainian makes not less than 1800 characters, including the keywords.
- A paper including graphics should not exceed 18 A4 pages. One page may contain no more than 30 lines, each line including up to 60 characters (taking into account punctuation marks and word spaces). The font size should be 14 and line spacing should be 1.5. The margins are 30 mm (left), 10 mm (right), 20 mm (up) and 25 mm (down).
Words should be separated by only one space. A hard space (Ctrl+Shift+spacebar) should be placed between the value and the unit of its measurement.
- The text is typed in Microsoft Word using Times New Roman font. Graphics (black-and-white) are submitted separately from the text as EPS, TIFF and JPG files with 300-600 dpi. Formulas are typed in MathType formula editor.
- The papers should be provided with an accompanying document from organization.
- A document on the possibility for open publication of the data is submitted to the Editorial Board of the journal together with the paper.
Besides, the authors sign the Agreement on the delegation of paper exclusive proprietary right and Acceptance Certificate.
- A sheet of paper is attached to the original paper with the following information: author’s full name, organization, academic degree, position, mobile, office and home telephone numbers, office and home address, e-mail.
- Papers are submitted in compliance with state and international standards, in particular with the DSTU 3008:2015 “Reports in the field of science and technology. Rules of submission”.
- Submittals that do not meet the specified requirements will not be considered by the editors.
- Payment of royalties is not considered in order to reduce the cost of journal publishing.
- Submittals for publication are not returned to the authors.
- UDC number;
- Paper title (in Ukrainian);
- Author’s (s’) full name (in Ukrainian)
- Academic title, academic degree, position (in Ukrainian)
- E-mail, ORCID
- Place of work, mailing address of organization (in Ukrainian)
- Abstract in Ukrainian (not less than 1800 characters)
- Key words in Ukrainian(5-8 words).
- Paper title (in English);
- Author’s (s’) full name (in English)
- Academic title, academic degree, position (in English)
- E-mail, ORCID
- Place of work, mailing address of organization (in English)
- Abstract in English (not less than 1800 characters)
- Key words in English (5-8 words)
- Paper text (requirements for paper structure and content are specified in the following)
- References (submitted in compliance with the requirements of DSTU 8302:2015 “Bibliographic reference. General principles and rules of composition”
- References are made in compliance with APA style.
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR PAPER DESIGN
International standards for paper design are divided into two parts: according to formal features and review. Formal signs relate to the design of the paper (DSTU 3008:2015), including figures, tables, references, abbreviations, formulas, literature reviews. The review covers the semantic part of the research in general and the content part of each section of the paper.
STRUCTURE AND CONTENT OF PAPER
Requirements for the title of the paper
The title of the paper should:
convey the basic idea of research;
focus on the importance of research;
interest the readers.
The title should not contain unnecessary words that do not carry a semantic meaning to reveal the subject matter.
The author should think about why his/her research will be of interest to other scientists. If the title gives a clear and understandable answer to this question, the paper will attract many readers.
Requirements for the abstract
Abstract — brief information on the content of the paper and time saving for busy researchers. Many readers will read only the abstract of the paper, so the abstract should be understandable and clear provided it is published separately from the paper
Many readers will read only the abstract of the paper, so the abstract should be understandable and clear provided that it is published separately from the paper.
Requirements for the scope of the abstract:
for not English papers, the scope of abstract in English makes not less than 1800 characters, including the keywords;
for not Ukrainian papers, the scope of abstract in Ukrainian makes not less than 1800 characters, including the keywords.
Requirements for the abstracts in English: information content (absence of general words); thoroughness (reflection of the main content of the paper and research results); use of terminology specific to foreign special texts; unity of terminology within the abstract; absence of repetition of the information contained in the title of the paper.
Requirements for keywords
Keywords are used to index the paper in electronic systems and the Internet. The better the keywords are chosen, the more people will be able to find the paper searching through these keywords. This will increase popularity of the paper, and therefore the likelihood of its citation will be increased as well.
Keywords should represent the contents of the manuscript and be specific in their subject area.
How to structure the paper correctly
Main sections of the paper:
- Analysis of literature data
- Setting of research purposes and paper objectives
- Research materials, experimental part
- Interpretation of results and their evaluation
Section “Introduction”. The Introduction should provide the reader with all information (in particular, background information) needed to understand what issue was under research and the reasons for conduct of such a research by the author. The introduction shall include the background (the preconditions for the research: general understanding of a problem considered by the author and justified relevance of the research), clear description of the problem and topic (so that researchers outside the subject area could understand the paper) and relevant data related to the considered research tasks. The Introduction should be brief and without unnecessary information.
Section “Analysis of literature data and setting of research purposes”. The purpose of this paper section is to find a gap in research not occupied by other researchers.
The Section is based on the publications of scientific periodicals (books, textbooks, monographs, standards, reports do not belong here). An overview of the periodicals on the studied issue should cover references of no more than ten years ago (in the field of IT technologies – no more than five years ago). The overview of foreign scientific periodicals on the studied issue is obligatory.
Section “Analysis of literature data and setting of research purposes” is one of the most important, since it shows how does the author understand the problem that is going to be investigated.
The literature overview should present parts of the problem not solved by other researchers and that are to be solved by the author; define the reasons of this research; clearly define research purposes, which should be consisted with the other part of the manuscript; present references to important sources that allow more comprehensive taking of the research point.
A good literature overview should cover:
author’s citing of the most relevant results of previous studies and explaining how they are related to the current research;
reference to research efforts of different research groups (this improves activities);
reference to original research, but not to a large number of review papers;
maximum benefit of citations for the reader (the reader is not interested when the author refers to a large number of his/her scientific efforts or to other works to show the depth of his/her knowledge);
references to results of other research, which either contradict the results obtained by the author (if any) or confirm them.
The following sources are a huge resource for a literature review:
repositories and catalogues (can contain only descriptions of papers or references to journals, however it is possible to pick up publications on narrow specialized topic and search for the necessary papers in them; if there is an advanced search in the repository, it would be easier to pick up required data using this instrument);
electronic libraries (can contain advanced search, but may represent only alphabetical or thematic index that complicates the search; however, there are many thematic libraries that only contain information on from a narrow subject field);
WorldCat is a catalogue of libraries (contains information on journals and books, as well as on papers; this resource can help one to select a list of thematic libraries);
DOAJ is a directory of open access journals with more than 7000 scientific and academic journals in an electronic format from all directions (the reader will be able to read the full text of the paper, unlike subscription databases as SCOPUS).
The sources in the text of the paper should be sorted by the mentioning order.
Section “Research materials, experimental part”. This Section should make it clear how all results were obtained. Therefore, it is necessary to describe the research system (methods, methodology, etc.).
The methods used for data analysis should be justified (based on statistics). The author who used the methodology of published research should refer to it and give the summary of the procedure in the text of the paper.
The research results should be clearly defined. The final results should be verified (for example, by the results of mathematical, statistical, imitation modeling, field experiments, fundamental provisions of scientific disciplines in relevant subject field).
Section “Interpretation of results and their evaluation”. The Section presents examples of practical solutions (results of numerical experiments, graphs, diagrams, etc.) made on the basis of the scientific results obtained by the author. The examples give an opportunity to evaluate the adequacy of the proposed theoretical decisions and their practical significance. It is necessary to specify in which conditions the research results have been implemented or can be implemented.
If the results are not the main purpose of the paper, they can be generalized, and it would not be necessary to publish data in details. Nevertheless, in case of lack of information, the reader may lose confidence in the research by suggesting that the author conceals weak evidence.
Section “Conclusions”. The Conclusions indicate how the research matter complies with its purpose.
Indicate how the research results may affect future research and whether there are any research restrictions. Check compliance of the described conclusions with the obtained data.
Requirements for figures, graphs, schemes, tables, word and word combination abbreviations
Figures are often the easiest way to summarize a large amount of complex information, visualization of information that the author wants to transfer. Many readers look only in figures in the paper without reading the text. Therefore, the figures should be understandable and attractive to readers. Good quality of the figures will make the paper more professional, and the readers will be more likely to believe the author’s research and interpretation of obtained results.
The figures should be bright and contrasting. The parameters indicated in figures should be accurate. The captions should be large and clear and the information in figures should be detailed for the readers to understand data without reading the main text. If the figure consists of several subfigures (a, b, c, …), the name of the figure should contain the description of each subfigure.
The test should not repeat the information presented in figures. It should only provide with the main conclusions on them and summarize information.
If the figures present a small amount of data, they should be replaced by a description in the text.
Graphs should transfer large amounts of data in a clear and understandable way. The purpose of the graphs is to show the functional or statistical link between the objects. The author should make sure that all axes are named, all measuring units are indicated, all curves and data arrays are specified and there is a readable font in graphs.
Scheme will help identify key details in the process; unnecessary information only clutters the images. The author should indicate all key elements and provide additional explanations in its header and main text.
Tables, as well as figures, in many cases are the easiest way to summarize a large amount of complex information for brief and efficient representation of large volumes of data. The author of the paper should clearly report the results to the busy researchers. A correctly created table should contain brief name; breakdown of data by categories; comparability of data and their reliability; availability of all data to use the table; reasonable features of data grouping; logical subordination of elements; compliance of the table contents with its purpose.
All figures, graphs, schemes, tables and abbreviations are formulated in compliance with the DSTU 3008:2015.
All graphic materials should be of high quality and should be clearly presented in black and white.
All citations, methods, models, figures, tables, etc., taken from other papers must be obligatory accompanied by a reference to the original source not to infringe a copyright of others.
References are made in compliance with the requirements of DSTU 8302:2015 “Bibliographic reference. General principles and rules of composition”.
References are made in compliance with APA style.
Pay attention to that SCOPUS analytical system requires the lists of references in Latin characters. SCOPUS capabilities allow the following research: assess based on the references the recognition of efforts of certain authors, scientific level of journals, organizations and countries in general; determine the relevance of scientific areas and issues. The paper with representative references demonstrates a professional horizon and high quality level of author’s research.
A correct description of the sources referenced by the authors is a guarantee that the cited publication will be considered in assessing the scientific activity of its authors, and consequently, of an organization, region and country. By citing a journal, one can determine its scientific level, influence, etc. Therefore, the most important components in the bibliographic references are the names of the authors and journal titles. Paper description should include all authors not reducing the exact number of persons.
The most precise identification of papers in electronic journals can be obtained, if a unique identifier will be applied (Digital Object Identifier - DOI). If a paper includes DOI, the reference to the paper will be made correctly.
PRINCIPLES TO BE FOLLOWED BY THE AUTHOR OF SCIENTIFIC PAPER
The author or team of authors realize their primary responsibility for the novelty and reliability of scientific research results; this envisages compliance with the following principles:
- the authors of the paper should submit reliable research results; intentional false or falsified statements are unacceptable;
- the authors should ensure that the research results described in this manuscript are completely original; borrowed fragments or statements should be designed with obligatory indication of the author and the primary source; excessive borrowings, as well as plagiarism in any form, in particular, improperly presented citations, paraphrasing or appropriation of rights to the results of other people's research are unethical and unacceptable;
- the authors should recognize contribution of all individuals who somehow influenced the research course; in particular, a paper should contain references to the efforts that were important during the research;
- authors should not submit to the editorial office a manuscript that was sent to another journal for review or a paper already published in another journal;
- all persons who have made a significant contribution to the research should be indicated as paper co-authors; it is inadmissible to indicate in the list of the co-authors the persons who did not participate in the research;
- the author will find significant errors or uncertainties in the paper subjected to review or after its publication, he/she should immediately inform the editorial board of the journal on it.